What do 3-D printing, sportswear fabric and a leaf have in common? All of them inspired EDAG Engineering AG, the largest independent engineering firm in the automotive industry, to develop the EDAG Light Cocoon concept car. EDAG, headquartered in Wiesbaden, Germany, brought the striking vehicle to the Geneva Motor Show in March 2015 to illustrate how biometric design could reduce a sports car’s weight by approximately 25 percent through material technology.
A leaf consists of a branching, load-bearing network under a flexible lightweight skin. EDAG head designer Johannes Barckmann envisioned a lightweight vehicle with a skeleton-like frame. “We are pursuing the vision of sustainability—as demonstrated by nature: lightweight, efficient, without any waste and with a result that weighs considerably less,” says Barckmann. The Light Cocoon’s skeleton is computer generated in pieces on a 3-D printer and assembled to make the car’s frame. These “bones” put material mass (100 percent polyamide) only where it is needed for function, safety and stiffness.
A leaf also inspired the Light Cocoon’s skin, and outdoor apparel manufacturer Jack Wolfskin GmbH and Co. KGaA, Idstein, Germany, provided the fabric to fit the lightweight theme. Texapore Softshell O2+ is a triple-layered polyester jersey with just the right properties: it’s light, durable, watertight, breathable, elastic and even transparent. Stretched smoothly over the sports car’s aeronautic shape, and illuminated by LED lights inside the car, the Texapore Softshell O2+ skin reveals the car’s organic skeleton and makes it glow like a living organism.